Rice Cultivation in the Delta

Some History

The rice probably comes from India and Indochina and, over the centuries, it has spread all over the world. It was introduced in Italy by the Arabs, in Sicily.
Its cultivation began in the 15th century in Piemonte and Lombardia thanks to the Duke of Milan Gian Galeazzo Sforza. The Duke understood that rice could grow well in his wet countryside. He ordered his farmers to cultivate it and realized that from one only bag of seeds he could obtain at least twelve bags of rice.
Sforza gave a bag of rice seeds as a gift to the Duke of Ferrara.
This was the beginning of the rice cultivation in the Delta.

This cereal slowly spread throughout the lower Ferrarese plain, especially near the Delta of the river Po.
In the 18th century, some Venetian nobles like Contarini, Farsetti, and Venier introduced the rice cultivation in the recently drained territories of Polesine.

The cultivation stages

Fase Riso 1
Rice ploughing

Fase Riso 2
Rice sowing

Fase Riso 3
Rice growing

Fase Riso 4
The plants
are thinned out

Fase Riso 5
Rice growing

Fase Riso 6
Rice ripening

Fase Riso 7
Rice harvesting

Fase Riso 8
Transport to rice factories

  • Istituto Comprensivo di Porto Viro (Rovigo) Primary School "Mons. Sante Tiozzo"
Motives
Starting from the knowledge of the reality surrounding us, children are educated to observe and be amazed by things without taking anything for granted.
Results
This research activity has led to the discovery and recovery of the culture linked to the knowledge and use of plants, with the help of references to our roots and tradition.
Thanks to the rice and spontaneous herbs we have recovered the knowledge linked to diet and treatment, which is today neglected.
Moreover, the care and love for our territory inevitably depend on the love for our land, its flora and fauna, our history.
Gian Galeazzo Sforza
Gian Galeazzo Sforza

The Rice Plant

Rice is not an aquatic plant, but it is cultivated in water because it suffers a lot changes in temperature.
This cereal has a straight stalk and fasciculate roots.
Straight stalks, called "culms", branch off from the roots. It has lanceolate leaves and its inflorescence consists of a panicle formed by a branching rachis bearing monofloral spikelets. The flower is surrounded by small glumes and very developed glumellas of different color according to the variety, which remain stuck to the caryopsis, called "risone".

Visita presso riseria 3

Visita presso riseria 2

Visita presso riseria
Pupils visiting a rice field
Flora and Fauna of the rice field

Flora Fauna Risaia Flora Fauna Risaia2

Leader+ Community Initiative Measure 2.1 Action 2.1a) "Interterritorial Cooperation"
Project: "Historical-Cultural Heritage Enhancement and Tourist Promotion of the Po Delta Territory"
Action A: Po Delta "Heritage Promotion"